“About 26,000 species disappear from the planet every year,” warns Hugh Moreh, of the Arthropologia Society (PODCAST)

Nature is all about balance. Faced with the millions of different species that exist on Earth, one threat behavior is all: humans. With his association, Hugues Mouret is trying to raise awareness and begin to return to common sense, respect for ecosystems, especially insects. He explains it in “You Are Great” in France 3 Auvergne Rhone-Alpes.

Recognizing insects and respecting biodiversity »It is the goal of the “Arthropologia” association run by the naturalist Hugo Moret. In short, it relies on scientific facts to show how a person can cut a branch that he is sitting on.

His garden is located in Saint-Pierre-la-Palud (Rhône), where there is also an ancient mine and a museum dedicated to it. The park has evolved greatly. ” You have left the right time and place for nature to do more efficient work than us ‘ Comments this enthusiast. In 10 years, the trees exceeded the height of the house. As long as we allow nature to express itself in the right conditions, we get very interesting favors from her. There was no longer any sun on the house, which once, facing south, was a real furnace. The park produces a lot today. »

His passion for protecting nature, he embraced from an early age. ” I grew up in the foothills of La Dombe, not far from Ars-sur-Furmans and Saint-Eufemi. I bathed in nature as much as possible. I spend a lot of time being able to watch small animals and plants… Insects eat and feed… “, sums up.” Today it is my hobby and work. And perhaps a form of priesthood as well. »

Hugo is self-taught. Over the years, he single-handedly nurtured this passion by studying the environment, even creating an association. The Center “Arthropologia” has been located in Lyon since 2001 on the Tour de Salvagny. ” We are located on a former gardener site for the organic market, spanning over two hectares. They have been partially restored to nature. We planted 2,200 trees, dug three ponds, and set up themed gardens and conservation plants… It’s a real wild garden. Describes our interlocutor.

The association wants to be a natural association, campaigning to protect nature and change practices by implementing concrete actions in favor of biodiversity, particularly insects (adjuvants, pollinators, decomposers), plants and their living environments. ” These are elements that accumulate and depend on each other. »

We can make up for what we destroyed. But you never reach what’s gone

The idea of ​​highlighting insects is original. ” Twenty years ago, no one cared. This is one of the paths we have opened, by trying to raise awareness, do studies, support farmers, and change the vision of our community and our communities. »

Its members intervene in different ways. “ We organize animations, nature discovery outings on topics. We also offer conferences for the general public. It could also be an apprenticeship, in a slightly more institutional setting, with farmers and landscape services. It is also a matter of being mindful of respecting what is already there. ” We can make up for what we destroyed. But you never get to what’s gone. So the priority is still to conserve what works, starting with the big trees. »

Anthropology fights for biodiversity. “ When we talk about biology, for most people, we think of small flowers, birds, fungi, or living things. But the reality is more complex. ” Upstream, we have genetic diversity, which is the engine of evolution. It’s inside their cells, in the legacy of these organisms, so we don’t see it. Without forgetting the other levels: Diversity of ecosystems, diversity of water cycles, carbon … In short, everything that makes living organisms function, under the influence of their genes, in an ecosystem. They are called ecosystem services.»

Very quickly, we are dealing with scientific topics, which may seem more abstract. ” But it is important to insist on these concepts because the decline in biodiversity is not just about the disappearance of birds and plants. It is rather the end of nature’s ability to adapt, and all of the above systems » Announces we are excited.

Clearly threatened, can biodiversity be measured? “ We know about 2.4 million living species on the entire planet, while there are probably ten times more than that … If we go back to France, there are 43 amphibians, 38 reptiles, 156 mammals, 578 bird species Enumerated in the head in vertebrates. ” Next to them, we have 1,000 species of bees, 6,500 flies, 5,600 butterflies, 11,000 beetles… They are teeming with life. This represents 100,000 species of life in France He adds.

When it comes to farming, at least 75% of our food is based on these insects

And … one human species, the same on the entire planet. This unique species is detrimental to biodiversity. ” Of the millions of known species, more than half are insects. We measure the level of invisibility 1,000 times higher than normal. It is believed that approximately 26,000 species disappear from the planet each year. But it could be much more than that. »

Which is unusual. Insects play a vital role in our system. ” Take bees for example. There are 1000 different species. Small, large, yellow, black, hairy … We have domesticated one species, in hives … But, in fact, it is all these 1,000 species that will ensure the pollination of plants. 9 out of 10 plants are pollinated by insects. When it comes to farming, at least 75% of our food is based on these insects Hughes Morey explains.

The danger, according to our expert, is unique: human action. “ For nature, it’s all about balance. The causes of biodiversity decline are well known. In the first place, it is pollution, then habitat destruction, and behind it, climatic fire. Global warming is the result of the first two scourges. ” And if we are to fight this climate war, we will have to tackle biodiversity re-establishment head-on. Because thanks to him we have shade, evaporation, or even a natural cessation of epidemics. »

We have very simple gestures to do. In particular, leave a place for nature wherever you can

And to organize this return, the solutions are different. ” We must start by reducing the waste of energy. We are not talking about light pollution due to night lighting. It is a major reason for the disappearance of insects, because the majority live at night Hughes suggests. In general, we have very simple gestures in performance. In particular, leave a place for nature where you can: in a private garden, on roadsides, in parks, campuses, hospitals, barracks … There are thousands of hectares that are managed in the traditional way, when they can serve as food that supports life. Especially trees that produce organic matter. It’s major. As it falls and penetrates the soil, it becomes the largest carbon sink in the continental biosphere, apart from the sea. »

With regard to agriculture, our expert denounces the technology of land aggregation, which is still ongoing. Hedges were destroyed to create large agricultural areas. ” It is a real disaster. It is related to the commodification of the living. We want bigger and bigger tractors, which are hampered, in particular, by these hedges, dams. In 100 years, we have traveled approximately 2 million kilometers of hedges, or 50 times around the Earth.»

These are the richest biotops, in temperate regions. However, we have already exhausted 70% of it!

However, wetlands are not insignificant in the overall balance. ” These are the richest biotops, in temperate regions. However, we have already exhausted 70% of it! These lakes, ponds, or meadows play an essential role. Far, in fact, from the negative image attributed to them due to the presence of mosquitoes…” In these wetlands, there are enough predators to repel mosquitoes. In a live pond, very few mosquitoes usually appear. The reason for its prevalence is to some extent related to our lifestyles. These are the water recovery cans, the poorly closed channels, the cups under the plastic flowers, the water in the cemeteries filled with water … This is where mosquito cycles occur without the intervention of any predator. Heat does the rest…‘ corrects our interlocutor.

Video Duration: 01 min 52

Hugh Moret answers the very shabby question

© France TV

A great opportunity to advise, at first, everyone with their own garden to dig a pond. ” This will catch mosquitoes and will bring out a whole host of insects to chase them away. Contrary to popular belief it is protection against these mosquitoes! »


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