Agriculture that supports biodiversity is possible

Hedges, planted just here in Freycenet-la-Tour (Haute-Loire), make it possible to preserve species, including birds.

May 21, 2022 at 11:52 amAnd
Updated May 24, 2022 at 09:33

Reading time: 5 minutes

agricultural struggles

Genevieve Bernard and Jean Bleuvenage, Presidents of the Federation and the Terre de liens . Foundation ; Luc Moinville is the director of the Foncière Terre de liens.

Bad weather in nature ! If this is 22And World Biological Diversity Day should sound like a slogan, they will all be found. Because this organism, of which we are a part and upon which our survival depends, is constantly abused. Global warming, linked to human activities that emit greenhouse gases, could become the main cause of species disappearance: nearly 20 % of wild species threatened by 2100.

Let us rest assured that the main causes of this apocalyptic scenario are known to all, the institutions and political decision-makers, who are responsible for implementing our public policies: soil industrialization and the intensification of agricultural production practices. There are a number of facts attesting to this: one fifth of greenhouse gas emissions are caused by agriculture, the second largest national emitter after the transportation sector. ; 39 Percentage of common bird populations (sucking meadows, roof domes, grouse, red partridge, etc.) disappeared in thirty years ; 92 % of controlled waterways are contaminated with pesticides.

Despite repeated scientific warnings and dire consequences for peasants, this industrial agriculture since the 1960s has encouraged Always produce more » In the short term does not seem to be in question. exactly the contrary. The war in Ukraine and its share of tragedies gave the green light to all kinds of deregulation. On the pretext of nutritional responsibility that requires an identical relaunch of agricultural production – hotly contested on a scientific level – the few environmental commitments made so far must be postponed indefinitely. Even worse, when the climate wakes up and reminds us during periods of frost and drought that climate change does indeed exist, it is the umbrella of short-term assistance that takes over.

Loose bushes are especially threatened by the impoverishment of free shrub beds. flickr /Copy byCNnot available 2.0 / g

forgotten european strategy From farm to fork » (From farm to fork) ! A few weeks ago, the European Commission announced that in order to produce more, member states can opt out for greening rules » For 2022. A deserted deserted land that allows the soil to regenerate ! Replanting them will be the key to our food security when they are only 2. % of our agricultural area. As for the water issue that the current drought is bringing to the fore, the government is responding with its promise with a new check of 20 million euros to avoid the bankruptcy of farmers, without encouraging a change of model.

However, the scientific world assures us, in this case, experts of the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI): It is not environmental regulations that limit yields, but climatic shocks, loss of pollinators or even soil degradation. » Biodiversity, again.

Another cultivation, complicit with biodiversity, is possible »

Are agriculture and life protection therefore irreconcilable? ? no. Another agriculture, a partner in biodiversity, is possible, if we decide to aggressively reorient agricultural policies. Beyond the limitations of pesticides, it is about encouraging farmers to once again become the first actors and actresses in reviving biodiversity, by planting hedges, creating ponds, and installing nesting boxes. Dozens of solutions exist to enhance the recreation of nature. our landscapes. This is what the Terre de liens has been promoting for years, with its Rural Environmental Lease (Wild), a lease tied to environmental requirements that binds Terre de liens to the person cultivating the land – a kind of social contract between citizens and producers in favor of biodiversity. About 300 Terre de liens farms in France currently operate live farmers.

In the face of an emergency, today we call on decision makers to halt deregulation of industrial agriculture and to review and increase incentives for agricultural practices that cooperate with living organisms. This means a complete rethink of current agricultural policies, starting with the Common Agricultural Policy, which is not very ambitious in light of the current challenges. The European Commission indicated this in its notes on the National Strategic Plan submitted by France: The plan only partially supports the ecological transformation of the agricultural and forestry sectors »with particular emphasis on the lack of resources dedicated to water protection and biodiversity conservation.

The future of our nutritious agriculture is inextricably linked with living organisms. Food cannot be produced on a dead planet.

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