Living close to nature can relieve PMS symptoms

We already know the many benefits of nature to our mental and physical health. However, it ceases to amaze us. According to a study published in the scientific journal international environmental In November 2021, Its proximity may even help reduce premenstrual syndrome symptoms.

If there are no official numbers in France, according to the numbers of the US government, it is Three out of four menstruating women (i.e. 90%) will be affected.

This syndrome is characterized by multiple symptoms (pain, bloating, irritability, anxiety, etc.) before the onset of menstruation. While it doesn’t affect all women equally, there is also a severe form of premenstrual syndrome called premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Unknown, this discomfort is often “quenched” by the pill, or reduced by the use of alternative medicine.

With the aim of offering other alternatives to people with PMS, researchers from the Institute of Global Health in Barcelona (Spain) and the University of Bergen (Norway) studied the benefits of nature on these symptoms.

According to their findings, living near green spaces can significantly reduce them.

More greenery, fewer PMS symptoms

More than 1,000 menstruating people between the ages of 18 and 49 participated in the study. All lived in cities in Norway or Sweden – countries known for their natural spaces – and had to answer a questionnaire, measuring their “menstrual cycle score” and the symptoms they experienced each month. Likewise, they had to describe their living environment.

The scientists used the Standard Difference Vegetation Index – “a tool used in agriculture to assess the strength and quantity of vegetation by analyzing remote sensing measurements”, and SpotFarm’s identification blog – to “put greenery into the data”, and also took into account exposure to pollution in every place of life. .

By comparing the results of questionnaires and places of life, the researchers came to this conclusion: Women who live their whole lives in places with more green space are less likely to develop PMS symptoms than those who live in “less green” neighborhoods.

Likewise, the study notes, “These women experience less anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, or bloating on a daily basis.”

Stress as an aggravating factor

“Three of the four symptoms that improved with exposure to greenery were psychological, which is consistent with what we already know: Connecting with nature helps reduce stress and improve mental health,” Kay said. Trebner, researcher at the University of Bergen, withEureka.

Scientists explain it Greenery helps reduce cortisol levels. “Stress can exacerbate PMS symptoms and increase levels of cortisol, a hormone that may in turn be linked to increased progesterone, which has been linked to PMS symptoms, which is a vicious cycle,” the research says.

Long-term exposure is necessary to observe beneficial effects on the menstrual cycle

However, the study shows that to take advantage of nature’s benefits on stress – and thus PMS symptoms – participants lived near greenery for a long time.

When we looked at exposure to green spaces at a specific time, the analysis yielded no significant resultsPayam Dadvand, a researcher at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, also saidEureka.

“Our research thus underscores the importance of long-term exposure to green spaces, as benefits against PMS symptoms have been found,” he adds. According to the researcher, this is an “emergency” because despite the known benefits of revegetation to our health, very few cities today have green spaces.

The study authors therefore aim to validate their findings with other complementary work and open discussion about natural solutions that can be offered to people with PMS, a topic that science appears to be neglecting.

It is reported that “studies conducted on erectile dysfunction are five times more than those conducted on PMS, while 19% of penis owners suffer from it, compared to 90% of menstruating people who report PMS.” . Refinery 29.

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